Visas are required for all visitors to Kenya and Tanzania. Visitors to Kenya will no longer be able to obtain their visas at the airport. Prior to your travel, the visas will have to be obtained online and the process usually takes about two weeks.
Visas for Rwanda must also be applied online in advance.
Kenyan citizens do not require a visa to enter Tanzania or Rwanda.
There are no compulsory vaccination certificates required for entry to Kenya unless you are arriving from an area infected with Yellow Fever, in which case a Certificate of Inoculation against Yellow Fever is required from travellers older than one year. Visitors coming from other countries in Africa where Yellow Fever may occur, including Tanzania and Zanzibar, require a Yellow Fever certificate.
Yellow fever certificates are required for travellers arriving from all countries into Rwanda. The Rwandan authorities will charge an additional $40 per person for travellers arriving into Kigali International Airport without a valid yellow fever certificate.
There are good hospitals in the main towns of Kenya while the rural areas have small health centers where one can get basic first aid. It is absolutely essential that all visitors carry some form of medical insurance to cater for any eventualities. We will enroll you in an excellent Flying Doctor service in Kenya in the event of a medical emergency, while on safari away from the urban centers at a small premium. This is highly recommended, but it should be noted that this service is only for evacuation to the nearest reliable hospital and does not cover costs for hospitalization or treatment. Hotels and lodges supply clean drinking water but whenever in doubt, please drink only bottled mineral water (which is available in hotels and safari camps). Drinking water from the tap is not encouraged.
Kenya's climate varies across the country, from the tropical humidity of the coast, to the dry heat of the savannah to the semi-arid areas and the cool air of the highlands. Temperatures in these areas are fairly constant year round with an average of 27°C (80°F) at the coast, 21°C to 27°C (70°F to 80°F) in the hinterland, while in Nairobi and the highlands over 5,000 feet, the daytime temperatures normally range between 19°C and 24°C (66°F to 75°F).
Most parts of the country experience two rainy seasons: the 'long rains' falling over a ten week period between April and June, and the 'short rains' over a five week period between November and December. The rain tends to fall mainly in the late evenings/early nighttime and is usually a short and heavy tropical downpour.
Rain may occasionally fall outside of the normal rainy seasons. In the highland areas north of Nairobi it may get chilly at night or in the early mornings – especially between June and August, when temperatures are cooler - so it is recommended that visitors pack some items of warm clothing.
On safari, the emphasis is on comfort and informality. Warm clothing like pullovers, fleeces & jackets are required for early mornings and evenings. Middays are usually warm in the equatorial sun. Safari hats and sunglasses are a useful protection against the sun and dust. We recommend a safari jacket with pockets, a pair of comfortable tennis shoes, shorts during the day, light cotton trousers, t-shirts and swim suits. The dress code while on safari is usually informal.
There is limited space available in safari vehicles and internal flights, so it is highly recommended to bring soft-sided luggage. On domestic flights, luggage is strictly restricted to 15 kilograms per person. Any luggage exceeding 15 kilograms will be subject to a surcharge. Excess baggage costs approximately KSHS 200 ($2-3 according to the current exchange rates) per kg and is subject to change; hence it is highly advisable to travel light and to carry only the bare essentials while on safari. It is highly recommended that all visitors arrange for travel insurance for their luggage.
Africa is no different from anywhere else in the world. This is a matter of common sense and the same precautions should be taken as in any major city. It is advisable not to carry large sums of money around, to keep a close watch on handbags, purses, wallets and personal items. whilst walking in crowded areas. It is highly recommended to avoid walking at night (especially alone) and to lock up valuables in hotel/lodge safe deposit boxes and to never leave valuables like cameras on show in an unattended car or tour bus. It is recommended that you do not bring expensive jewelry or watches.
The unit of currency in Kenya and Tanzania is the Kenyan shilling and Tanzanian shilling respectively and prior to your arrival; visitors are advised to check the exchange rates regularly. Local banks and forex bureaus give better exchange rates than lodges and hotels.
Visitors are advised to avoid street dealers and to exchange their currency through official dealers. Travellers’ cheques are considered to be the safest way to carry money and can be exchanged at local banks upon production of your passport.